UN Designates Masood Azhar as ‘Global Terrorist’.

Vishal Chauhan, 02/05/2019
UN Designates Masood Azhar as ‘Global Terrorist’.

In what is being seen as a significant diplomatic win for India, the United Nations on Wednesday, 1 May, designated Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) chief Masood Azhar as a "global terrorist" after China lifted its hold on a proposal to blacklist him.

The move comes a decade after New Delhi approached the world body for the first time on the issue. China has blocked the listing of Azhar as a global terrorist four times in the past.

Assets Freeze, Travel Ban, Arms Embargo

A UNSC designation will subject Azhar to an assets freeze, travel ban and an arms embargo.

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An assets freeze under the sanctions committee requires that all states freeze without delay, the funds and other financial assets or economic resources of designated individuals and entities.

The travel ban entails preventing the entry into, or transit by, all states through their territories by designated individuals.

Under the arms embargo, all states are required to prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale and transfer from their territories or by their nationals outside their territories, or using their flag vessels or aircraft, of arms and related material of all types, spare parts, and technical advice, assistance, or training related to military activities, to designated individuals and entities.

Pakistan on Wednesday said it would "immediately enforce the sanctions" imposed by UN on Masood Azhar and said it agreed to his listing after all "political references," including attempts to link him to the Pulwama attack, were removed from the proposal.

How Effective Would the Listing Be?

In an opinion piece published on 14 March for The Quint, Manoj Joshi, a Distinguished Fellow at Observer Research Foundation, said the following on the issue of Masood Azhar's listing: